James N. Butcher was born in Bergoo, West Virginia in 1933. His father was killed in a coal mining accident when he was 8 years old and his mother died when he was 11. He lived with his sister, Joan (age 16) , and two brothers, Jerry (age 9) and Dickie (7). They independently raised themselves in rather difficult financial circumstances. They were able to survive on their own, by working and living modestly, and avoiding placement in an orphanage. The author graduated from Stonewall Jackson High School in Charleston, West Virginia. When he was 17 years old he enlisted in the U. S. Army the next day and served for three years; a year and a half with the 82nd Airborne and 11 months in Korea with Fox Company of the 17th Infantry Regiment of the 7th Division. During his tour of duty in Korea, he became a Sergeant First Class, served as a platoon sergeant and fought in the Battle of Jane Russell Hill (Triangle Ridge) in October 1952 and in the first Battle of Pork Chop Hill in April 1953. After he was discharged from military service he attended Guilford College in North Carolina and graduated with a BA in psychology in 1960; he received an MA degree in experimental psychology in 1962 and a Ph.D. in clinical psychology in 1964 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He served as a professor of psychology and as Director of the Clinical Psychology Program in the Department of Psychology at the University of Minnesota. He was awarded an honorary doctorate (Doctor Honoris Causa) from the Free University of Brussels in1990 and received an honorary doctorate from the University of Florence in Italy in 2005 for his cross-cultural research. He is currently Professor Emeritus in the Department of Psychology at the University of Minnesota and has published 60 books and more than 250 articles in personality assessment, abnormal psychology, and crisis-intervention.